2 - Basic Conjugation: Present, past, future

In Kutchi, there are many different ways to conjugate different verbs. Different verbs behave in different ways, so there is no single rule that can apply to all verbs, although there are a number of rules that can be applied to groups of verbs.

The simplest is as follows; in this project, the infinitive form of each verb ends with 'an.'





To conjugate a verb, replace the ending 'an' as follows.

Past tense - 'o' (masculine) / 'i' (feminine) / 'aa' (plural)

Present tense - 'etho' (masculine) / 'ethi' (feminine) / 'ethaa' (plural)

Future tense - 'no' (masculine) / 'ni' (feminine) / 'naa' (plural)

Masculine Conjugation Chart Past Present Future
Saambran Saambro Saambretho Saambr(a)no*
Karan Karo Karetho Karno
Khaiyan Khaiyo Khaitho** Kheno**
Thian Thio Thietho Thino

*because 'saambran' ends in a 'r', a single 'a' should be added to balance the sound of the word (although spoken, the difference is barely audible)

**'Khaiyan' behaves irregularely

Some Examples

Au ghain saambretho - I am listening to a song

Thu saaf karethi - You are cleaning

Hi kenjo kheno - He will eat food

Kuro thio? - What happened?

This is only the most basic form of conjugation. Different verbs will not behave appropriately with this rule, although for other words, multiple rules may be acceptable.

Some Examples of Advanced Conjugation (for exposure, no elaboration)

Au khaigiro - I ate

Thu ginigiro? - Did you take it?

Lokaa uthivyaa? - Have they woken up?

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